Abstract Writing

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Dear readers,

What comes below is a general format of a 5-part abstract for an experimental study. Other formats will also be available soon. The color numbers below the abstract show the different parts. I hope you'll find it useful. If there's any comment, you can contact me at: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.




Investigating the Effect of Portfolio Assessment on Learning English Language Grammar (research topic)

Hadi Hamidi, Ph.D. candidate (author’s name)

Department of English, Science and Research Branch (author’s affiliation)

 Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.(author’s email)


1Portfolio assessment has been used for a very long time. The portfolio is a useful teaching and learning tool in language learning classrooms. Portfolio assessment deals with any kind of acquired learning – knowledge, skills and abilities acquired through formal, informal, accidental and incidental learning. Although most teachers might be aware of the importance of a good assessment strategy, say, portfolio, rarely do they use it for learning English grammar at Iranian language institutes. 2Thus, the current study aims at exploring the effects of portfolio assessment on learning English grammar by Iranian TOEFL applicants. 3To this purpose, 60 applicants, both male and female,aged from 25 to 33,were chosen through random sampling from Simin language institute. They were divided into two thirty-member groups. The experimental group was asked to make a portfolio of both all the grammatical items taught to them and the tests taken each session. After reading their notes and tests, the teacher provided them with comments, corrections, and his feedback. The control group received no feedback and the grammatical points were taught using the conventional ways. 4After the treatment, by pre-test/post-testcomparison, researchers found that participants of the experimental group, who were exposed to the techniques of portfolio assessment, gained better scores in the process of learning English language grammar. Students and teachers of English language, especially TOEFL applicants, can benefit from the findings of this study.

5Key words: Grammar learning, portfolio assessment, TOEFL applicants

1= Introduction

2= Purpose of the study

3= Methodology

4= Conclusion (and implication)

5= Key words

First uploaded: 1/05/2014

Last updated: 25/09/2014


Prepared by Hadi Hamidi

Ph.D. in TEFL, USR, Tehran, Iran

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  • #18



    Dear Mr.Hamidi;
    how about the format of writing abstract for correlation studies?? is it the same as experimental studies? If no, please give an example.
    respectfully yours

  • #19



    Hi, yes, the format is the same.


  • #20



    Hi sir,
    Are we going to have the same procedures and moves in writing descriptive studies abstract? Since there is no methodology part in descriptive studies at least not like quantitative ones, how abstract of qualitative studies will be written?

  • #21


    In reply to: naderReport

    Hi, in a critical review paper, we have 3 parts; 1. Introduction, 2. purpose, and 3. conclusion (no methodology). Descriptive studies can be both quantitative or qualitative. For a qualitative study, For example, if you have given an open-ended questionnaire to find out some of the speaking problems of students, you have the methodology.

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